"God is one and the sole ruler of the Universe. God is one but the learned call him by many names."
Rig Veda, in A Garden of Deeds: Ramacharitmanas, a Message of Human Ethics, p.56.
Origins c. 3,200 BCE in the Indus Valley, India
Believers +1 billion
Universe Infinite but cyclical with many beginnings and endings.
Life’s Purpose Achieve self-realization thereby escaping from the wheel of reincarnation.
Afterlife Yes, but people return (reincarnate) in order to attain nirvana.
Practices Yoga, meditation, worship and devotion (puja), to a god or goddess, pilgrimage to holy cities, live according to one's dharma (purpose and role in life).
Scripture The Vedas, Upanishads, Bhagavad Gita, Rámáyan, and many more.