"He who obeys the Messenger has indeed obeyed Allah."
Quran, al-Nisa' 4:80
Founder Muhammad (Muhammad Ibn `Abd Allāh Ibn `Abd al-Muttalib, c. 26 April 570 – 8 June 632 AD).
Origins Mecca, Saudi Arabia in 622 AD.
Believers 1.3 billion (Sunni: 940 million)
God There is only one God and Allah is His name.
Universe Infinite (heaven, earth, and hell)
Afterlife Paradise by accepting Allah and following the Quran; hell if you turn away.
Practices Five Pillars: Faith, Prayer, Alms, Pilgrimage, Fasting. Mosque services on Fridays. Ablutions before prayer. No alcohol or pork. Holidays related to the pilgrimage and fast of Ramadan.
Scripture The Qur'an and the Hadith (traditions). Qur’an: Arabic, means literally ‘the reading; that which ought to be read’, the holy book of Islam, revealed in Arabic to Mohammad. It is comprised of 114 suras, or chapters.
Sects: Sunni, Sha’i, Sufi