Origins c. 1300 BC
Believers 14 million
God One God, Yahweh (YHVH).
Life’s Purpose Obey God's commandments and live ethically. Focus is on this life. Wikipedia
Afterlife Not historically emphasized. Beliefs vary from no afterlife to shadowy existence to the World to Come (similar to heaven).
Practices Circumcision at birth, bar/bat mitzvah at adulthood. Synagogue services on Saturdays. No pork or other non-kosher foods. Holidays related to historical events.